Fuente: Equipo de Selva Industrial S.A.
Peru in numbers
Last year Peru exported 39.5 million dollars worldwide in all industrial presentations of passion fruit and this represents 9% less than in 2019. In volume, 2019 and 2020 were very similar. Lines below the chart shows the detail of the exports of passion fruit per product. There is a consolidation of NFC passion fruit juice presentations and a growth in organic presentations. On the other hand, there is a decrease in the conventional concentrate 50 brix.
START OF NEW CROP SEASON
In 2021, the big crop season of passion fruit will start strongly in the first half of February; however, due to the weather caused by La Niña, the harvest peaks are two weeks behind in comparison to the previous harvest, this considering that in the 2020 crop the peak occurred between week 4 and 8 of the year. The three main provinces that produce passion fruit in the big season are Lima, Ancash and La Libertad. These provinces are subdivided into zones: “Norte Grande”, “Costa Central” and “Norte Chico”. Each of them evolves according to the warm temperature of its area, that is why the Ancash and La Libertad areas start first, followed by Lima, which has a less warm temperature. However, this year due to climatic effects of La Niña, the peaks of the three zones will converge on the same dates.
The first peak in “Norte Chico”, zone with major volume, will begin in week 10 and it is projected to end in week 18. The second peak will occur between week 24 and week 29, finally ending in week 32. Likewise, due to La Niña phenomenon that usually brings cold temperatures, it is probable that the flower will not be induced in the month of May, which could cause an absence of a third peak in this crop season and that the harvest ends at the end of July.
This year the passion fruit season has started with a stable volume and a demanding local market, a growth in the production volume is projected as long as weather conditions allow it. There were 6,950 ha in 2020, and for 2021 the amount is projected to increase until 7,200 ha, this means a growth of 4%. Of this total only 8% is organic and the 92% is conventional. In addition to this, thanks to the program “Strengthening the passion fruit logistics chain”, led by Selva Industrial and financed by the Peruvian Ministry of Agriculture, the farmers have achieved an improvement in their productivity per hectare.
Added to this, Selva industrial S.A. has implemented a field school program for all of its farmers – suppliers in 2020, in this way our expert agronomists provide them with support and training that focus on three topics:
1. Crop management. (Seed, Maintenance, Pruning, Fertilization, Irrigation, pest control, Etc.)
2. Safety of the product.
3. Sustainability of production in a good management of the fields.
Thanks to this, the productivity of our suppliers has increased even more and their organoleptic quality has improved
In general, it is projected that the quality of the fruit of 2021 would be better than the quality of the fruit of 2020. In addition, the brix at the national level will be on average 0.5 points higher this new season, as long as the weather remains stable. This improvement is mainly due to the reinsertion of pure seeds in new fields that has been carried out for two years as part of the program: “Strengthening the passion fruit logistics chain”. Two eco-types (pure seed) have been selected within the diversity of Peruvian passion fruit (Passiflora edulis, Flavicarpia variety) that meet the characteristics and conditions required by international markets: High Brix, adequate visual color of the juice and aromatic smell. Likewise, currently the farmers of Selva Industrial S.A. are planting the following eco-types:
Selva Industrial S.A. currently works with 18 suppliers, three of them provide us with organic passion fruit and the remaining ones with conventional passion fruit. Together our suppliers own a total of 462 ha and a total of 14,350 MT of fruit. They are mostly associations of small farmers who have a lot of experience working with passion fruit and whose economy is based on the sale of this fruit. As part of our sustainability program, all our suppliers are continuously trained in fertilization practices, field productivity, selection and selection of good quality seeds and premium eco-types.