Fuente: Equipo de Selva Industrial S.A.
Mango production in Peru is mainly concentrated in the regions of Piura, Lambayeque and Casma in Ancash, where the varieties stand out: Kent, Haden, Edward, Tommy Atkins, Criollo and Chato. The supply of these varieties is mainly consumed by two markets: the export market and the domestic market. With respect to the domestic market, its main destination is the local fresh market, some quantities are also destined for local industry but in minor quantity. On the other hand, the mango export market is divided as follows: fresh, frozen (IQF) and for industry (to process pulps and concentrates), it is important to remark that fresh mango market represents the highest export volume, approximately 65% of total volume.
Regarding the domestic market, a similar consumption to the previous season is projected with only 2% less, this mainly because the temperatures on the coast will be colder than the previous year and the consumption of the domestic market is directly linked to the high temperatures of the summer.
Regarding the export market, a volume of 238 thousand tons of fruit has been estimated for the fresh market for this new season 2021-2022, 5% more than its predecessor, which closed at 226.09 thousand tons. Regarding the volume of frozen market, a prospect of 75 thousand tons is projected for the new season, 9% more than its predecessor, it is important to emphasize that this category is mainly made up of the “Kent” and “Edward” varieties. Regarding the volume of the industrial market, a lower volume is projected, approximately 19% lower than last crop season. This projected fall is due to the cold weather which affected the flowering of the fields in recent months, it is necessary to take into account that the industry category is mainly made up of “Chato de Ica” and “Criollo de Chulucanas” varieties.
MANGO FOR INDUSTRY
Mango destined for the export industry, goes mainly to the production of pulps / purees and concentrates, the most demanded varieties for these products are the “Criollo de Chulucanas” and the “Chato de Ica” which make up a little more than 90% of the market, the balance is the export of other varieties such as Kent, Edward, Haden.
It is important to emphasize that the variety with the highest growth in domestic demand is the conventional “Criollo de Chulucanas”, which has gone from representing 32% in 2016 to representing 54% in 2020 of the total consumption of this category, this is because this variety is the preferred of the Peruvian consumer.
Although there have been similar stable total volumes before, this situation has changed in the last season. If we compare the 2019-2020 season versus the last one 2020-2021, we can note a 28% drop in volume, although the data available is only until August of 2021, is a considerable decrease. See comparison lines below:
MANGO SEASONALITY SCHEDULE FOR INDUSTRY
The usual window of Peruvian mango harvest for industry is from December to early March in the case of “Criollo de Chulucanas” and “Chato de Ica”. This year we have started to process “Edward” mango to certain markets, whose harvest begins at late October/early November and ends in the first half of January. This allows us to have a higher mango availability and a total window that goes from November to March.
It is important to emphasize that, although this seasonality is the most common, it may vary slightly according to the climatic conditions of each year.
CROP SEASON OUTLOOK 2021-2022
For the new season 2021-2022, a smaller volume is projected than its predecessor, this due to the fact that Peru is facing climatic changes due to the La Niña phenomenon, which is characterized by low temperatures and low rainfall, and which will last until March 2022.
Although each variety reacts differently to climatic changes, it is important to emphasize that there are varieties that are more affected than others are. With respect to the “Chato de Ica”, low temperatures have damaged the volume, because this variety does not withstand prolonged cold, which caused that in the flowering stage the buds of the fruits become vegetative and do not become fruits but rather branches. As a consequence, there will be a 3-4 week delay in harvest. With respect to the “Criollo de Chulucanas”, this variety is more tolerant to changes in temperature, but it has been affected by attacks of fungi such as Oidium sp, which increases the percentage of flower drop. This fungus thrives more quickly when there is alternation of cloudy and clear days, which has been a characteristic situation of La Niña.
Likewise, since the demand for mango is quite high worldwide, it is projected that the volume offered will not be enough to cover current needs. Since there is not only demand from regular importers, but also from importers who previously bought from other origins and who have run out of supplies, which has caused the demand for Peruvian mango to skyrocket.
A stable quality is projected, as there have been no irrigation problems in the cultivation fields and the lighting conditions have been adequate. For this reason, it is projected an adequate brix, with values greater than 14; We hope that the conditions will be maintained until before the harvest in the case of the “Chato de Ica” and the “Criollo de Chulucanas”. In the case of Edward that is in harvest process at this time, the brix results over 16.
Regarding fruit sizes, the prolonged cold caused by the La Niña phenomenon in the spring season has caused some varieties can present small sizes. This is the case of the Edward, which is usually characterized by having a good fruit size. In the case of “Chato de Ica” and “Criollo de Chulucanas”, we hope that the fruit size will not be affected, but currently it is too early to be able to forecast it.
Regarding agricultural health, although the climate has accelerated the growth of fungi in some varieties, in contrast, this same climate produces fewer insects; therefore, a stable harvest is projected. Likewise, it is important to emphasize that although the phenomenon of La Niña affects flowering, this does not mean that it will affect the fruits already set, since the months in which this stage begins coincide with the absence of rains that La Niña will cause. In this way, the fruits will not be affected, as there is less relative humidity.
SELVA INDUSTRIAL S.A. over the years it has been developing a mango supply chain directly with farmers. We work mainly with suppliers in the Piura region, where mango cultivation is one of the main activities and represents the main annual income for a large number of families in that region. Our suppliers have extensive experience in their varieties, since the management of crops in their fields has passed from generation to generation for over 100 years.
Currently we focus on three basic pillars that allow us to maintain a sustainable relationship with our suppliers: Technical assistance, Economic and social support. Selva industrial S.A. works every year to support our suppliers in each of these aspects, in this way we have implemented technical talks on important topics such as crop improvement, quality, safety and plants biometrics. On the other hand, our team of agronomists offers field schools in situ and visits our farmers every month. We have also implemented a virtual support program for any questions they may have. In the economic and social aspect, we provide our support and management of the annual certifications, we also finance them. In addition to this we have Fairtrade and Rainforest certification programs that allow us to help the community of our suppliers by paying premiums or paying a superior price to the market for certified raw material.
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