Fuente: Equipo de Selva Industrial S.A.
This year the mango season has been marked by an intense drought on the coast and in The Andes of Peru, due to La Niña phenomenon. This has affected the mango crops for the 2020-2021 season more than projected since there has not been enough water for the correct watering of the trees and the optimal development of the fruit.
In Piura, there are three main areas where mango grows: Tambogrande, Alto Piura and Chulucanas. The San Lorenzo dam is the largest in Piura and supplies all Tambogrande, in this area the Kent, Haden and Chato mango grows. At the moment the dam is less than 40% of its capacity, this has caused that its use be limited
only for human consumption. Likewise, Alto Piura and Chulucanas area, where the Criollo and Kent mango grows, is irrigated directly by local rivers. However, these rivers are without sufficient flow so irrigation is not being applied.
As consequences of the drought: The volume of production will be substantially less than that of the previous season, the individual size of the fruit will be small and the harvest will be short, since the lack of water accelerates the ripening of the fruit.
The Criollo mango variety grows mainly in two areas:
Chulucanas (70 % of the production of mango Criollo): In this area there is a lower production for this season due to lack of water, which is exacerbated by the type of soil that has a very poor humidity retention capacity. Although the fact that it is a large production area somewhat compensates for the drop in volume, in any case, it is estimated that the volume in this area will be 30-40% lower.
Alto Piura (30 % of the production of mango Criollo): The production for this season will be similar to that of the last season, this is because in this area is where the last rains of the year occurred and these were used as natural irrigation, to this is added the factor that the quality of soils in this area has a greater capacity to retain humidity due to its texture. In general terms, it is estimated that, between the two main Criollo mango production areas, the production would be 20 – 30% less in comparison of previous season.
This variety is produced mainly in Tambogrande. The volume of Chato is projected to be reduced by approximately 5% compared to last year, since fortunately this mango variety is more tolerant to water stress. Additionally, this area has been irrigated by the dam in the period that still existed water to irrigate the fields, therefore trees had moderate water until October, achieving their fruiting.
The Kent mango is the variety most affected of all by drought, since it is very susceptible to lack of water, as it does not have the availability of water, it suffers from water stress which reduces flowering and consequently the quantity of fruits.
It must be taken into account that the Kent mango represents more than 90% of the national mango production area, within this area there are large and small farmers, large farmers have water wells with which they have
been able to reverse the lack to some extent of water, but it is not same reality for small farmers, that is why there are very uneven fields in terms of production this year. Estimates indicate that there could be 30% less Kent mango availability for this season.
The main market for this mango is IQF and fresh, which, upon perceiving the lower volume projection, have chosen to supply with other varieties from Peru.
This year it is evidenced that in addition to the low production, the size of the mango in all its varieties will be small, this has as a consequence that the pulp yield in the factory is affected.
Being a dry year, the Brix degrees of the fruit will be high, this is because the translocation of sugars is facilitated by the water stress that the tree suffers due to lack of water.
The mango varieties most used for pulp are quite strong which makes them resistant to pests and diseases, therefore the use of chemical products to control these problems is very limited. However, due to the latest updates in internal and foreign regulations, Selva Industrial S.A. is working together with its suppliers to control the limits of all contaminants from the field. We are developing a plan together with farmers to control the application mechanism of the products and thus ensure that the final product is always within the allowed MRLs.
In response to the drop in supply that will be noticeable this campaign, Selva Industrial S.A. has doubled its number of suppliers after hard selection and review work by our agronomist team.
We recommend our clients to ensure their needs in advance to obtain more competitive prices since the crop season will be short and of lower volume.We will be happy to meet your mango requirements in various varieties such as: Criollo, Chato, Haden and Kent in drums, pails and cartons in frozen and aseptic configurations.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]